AN ORDINANCE ENACTING CHAPTER 1287 OF
THE CODIFIED ORDINANCES OF THE VILLAGE OF GRAND RAPIDS, RELATING TO WIND ENERGY
WHEREAS, The Village of Grand Rapids desires to
establish the reasonable regulation of the installation and operation of Wind
Energy Conversion Systems which shall be governed as conditional use; and
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE VILLAGE OF GRAND RAPIDS,
WOOD COUNTY, STATE OF OHIO:
SECTION 1 - That Chapter 1287 of the Codified Ordinances of the
Village of Grand Rapids be enacted to read as follows:
Chapter 1287 Wind Energy Conversion
1287.01 PURPOSE. The purpose of this Chapter is to preserve and
protect the public health and safety and to promote the orderly land use and
development of the Village of Grand Rapids by the implementation of standards
and procedures by which the installation and operation of Wind Energy Conversion
Systems (WECS) shall be governed as a conditional use.
(a) A wind energy conversion system (WECS) includes any or all of the following
||A turbine with propeller-style blades, or
||A vertical rotor, or
||Other means of capturing the energy in moving
||A tower or
||A mounting structure;
||An electrical power generator with
||Associated electrical power transmission
|| A battery or
||Other means of storing energy;
||Other means of transmitting energy
(hydraulic, mechanical, etc.);
||Mechanical control mechanisms;
(b) Total Height means the distance measured from ground level to the highest
point that any part of the WECS can reach.
(c) Small WECS means a WECS that will be used primarily to reduce on-site
consumption of electrical power with a height of one hundred fifty (150) feet or
(d) Wind Turbine Rotor means that portion of a wind turbine that includes the
blades or scoops, hub and shaft.
(e) Tower means an elevating structure intended to raise the rotor, turbine
and accessory equipment above either the ground surface or the top of a
(f) Commercial WECS means a WECS consisting of more than one wind turbine and
tower, or a WECS that will be used primarily for off-site consumption of
(g) Wind Turbine means a WECS that converts wind energy into another form of
energy by means of rotary motion driven by the passage of air through the WECS.
The definition includes a WECS designed to mount directly on the roof of
existing buildings including residences.
(h) Applicant means the person or entity filing an application for a
conditional use permit under this Chapter.
(i) Blade Glint means the intermittent reflection of the sun off the surface
of the blades of a single or multiple wind energy system.
(j) Noise means any unwanted sound.
(k) Shadow Flicker means the effect produced when the blades of an operating
wind energy system pass between the sun and an observer, casting a readily
observable, moving shadow on the observer and his/her immediate environment.
(a) This Chapter applies to all Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS), small and
commercial, and Wind Turbines as defined in Section 1287.02 of this Chapter
proposed to be constructed or located after the effective date of this Chapter.
(b) Any WECS constructed or located prior to the effective date of this
Chapter shall not be required to meet the provisions of this Chapter provided
that any physical modification to such pre-existing WECS that materially alters
the size, type and number of any such WECS shall require compliance with this
Chapter. If any pre-existing WECS is destroyed or damaged to the extent of more
than 50 percent of its fair market value at the time of destruction or damage,
it shall not be reconstructed except in conformity with this Chapter.
1287.04 CONDITIONAL USE.
A WECS shall be considered a conditional use in any zoning district.
1287.05 PERMIT REQUIREMENT.
(a) No WECS, small or commercial, shall be constructed or located within the
Village of Grand Rapids unless a conditional use permit has been issued to the
(b) The conditional use permit application shall be made in compliance with
this Chapter and Chapter 1264.06 of the Codified Ordinances and be accompanied
with a fee in the amount of seventy-five dollars ($75.00).
(c) Any physical modification to an existing and permitted WECS that
materially alters the size, type and number of such WECS shall require a permit
modification under this Chapter. Like-kind replacements shall not require a
permit modification. (d) An applicant who proposes to construct or locate a WECS,
as defined in this Chapter, on the roof of an existing structure shall be
required to apply for a conditional use permit and request a waiver by the
Planning Commission from those requirements of this Chapter that the Planning
Commission finds are not applicable.
1287.06 SMALL WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS.
(a) Permitted Locations. A small WECS is permitted in any zoning district.
||Property lines. The vertical part of a small
WECS shall be set back from the nearest property line, public road
right-of-way and communication and electrical line not less than 1.5
times its total height.
(c) Design Standards.
||Tower Design. The design of the small WECS
tower, if any, shall be a single enclosed pole, which is freestanding,
without guy wires. Open lattice towers shall not be employed.
||Minimum Blade Height. The minimum height of
the lowest extent of a turbine blade shall be 30 feet above the ground
or 30 feet above any structure or obstacle within 30 feet horizontally
from any part of the arc of the turbine blades.
||Access. No tower shall have a climbing
apparatus within 15 feet of the ground. All access doors or access ways
to towers and electrical equipment shall be able to be locked.
||Noise. No small WECS shall generate sounds
exceeding 60 dBA as measured 100 feet from the tower. Noise generated by
any small WECS shall also comply with existing Village noise ordinances.
||Visual Appearance. Small wind energy
conversion or tower systems shall be finished in a corrosion-resistant,
non-obtrusive finish and color that is non-reflective. No small WECS or
tower shall be lighted unless required by the FAA. No flags, streamers,
decorations, advertising signs of any kind or nature whatsoever shall be
permitted on any small WECS.
||Electrical Interconnections. All electrical
interconnection or distribution lines shall be underground and comply
with all applicable codes and public utility requirements
||Signal Interference. Efforts shall be made to
site small WECS or towers to reduce the likelihood of blocking or
reflecting television and other communication signals. If signal
interference occurs, both the small WECS or tower owner and individual
receiving interference shall make reasonable efforts to resolve the
problem. No small WECS or tower shall cause permanent and material
interference with television or other communication signals.
||Shadow Flicker and Blade Glint. A wind energy
system shall be designed and operated so that shadow flicker from moving
blades or reflected blade glint will not occur off the site on which the
facility is located. Shadow flicker or blade glint expected to fall on a
roadway or a portion of an off-site property may be acceptable under the
||The flicker or glint will not exceed (30) hours
per year; and
||The flicker or glint will fall more than one
hundred (100) feet from an existing or future residence; or
||The affected property owner has signed a written
agreement with the owner-operator.
||The traffic volumes are less than one hundred
(100) vehicles per day on the roadway
|| Ice Throw. The potential ice throw or
ice shedding zone for the proposed wind energy system shall not cross
the property lines on which the facility is located and shall not
impinge on any public-right-of-way or overhead utility line.
||Noise Setbacks. The Planning Commission may
impose a noise setback that exceeds the other setbacks set out in this
ordinance if it deems that such greater setbacks are necessary to
protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the community.
(d) Permit Applications. Application for a small WECS and/or tower shall
include the following information:
||Site plan (map view) to scale showing the
location of all of the components of the proposed small WECS and the
locations of all existing buildings, structures and property lines,
along with distances; and
||Elevation (side view) drawings of the site to
scale showing the height, design and configuration of the small WECS and
the height and distance to all existing structures, buildings,
electrical lines and property lines; and
||Structural drawings and engineering analyses
of the WECS tower and/or supporting structure, demonstrating adequate
weight and lateral stress capacity; and
||A standard foundation and anchor design
demonstrating adequate vertical and lateral support capacity for the
soil conditions at the site; and
||Specific information on the type, size, rotor
material, rated power output, performance, safety and noise
characteristics of all parts of the WECS; including the name and address
of the component manufacturers, model and serial numbers of all WECS
||Emergency and normal shutdown procedures; and
||An electrical one-line drawing of the
electrical components of the system in sufficient detail to establish
that the installation conforms to all applicable electrical codes; and
||Evidence that the provider of electrical
service of the property has been notified of the intent to install an
interconnected electricity generator; unless the system will not be
connected to the electricity grid.
1287.07 COMMERCIAL WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS.
(a) Permissible Locations. A commercial WECS may be permitted as a
conditional use (special exception) in a non-Residential District.
||Property Lines. A commercial WECS shall be
set back from the nearest property line and public road right-of- way
not less than 1.5 times the total height of the system.
||Other Uses. No commercial WECS shall be
located within 1,000 feet of a platted subdivision, park, church, school
||Inhabited Structures. A commercial WECS shall
be set back from the nearest inhabited building, power line or
communication line, not less than 1.5 times its total height.
(c) Design Standards. A commercial WECS shall comply with the design
standards set forth in Section 1287.06, including all of its subsections.
(d) Permit Applications. A commercial WECS shall comply with the permit
application requirements set forth in Section 1287.06, including all of its
(e) Multiple WECS. Multiple WECS shall not be permitted without approval by
the Planning Commission.
(a) Any small WECS, commercial WECS or tower which complies with the terms
of this chapter which is not used for two (2) years, excluding repairs; shall be
removed within the following six (6) months. Failure to remove the system shall
be deemed a violation of this chapter.
(b) Any small WECS or commercial WECS which is non-conforming and which is
not used for one (1) year, excluding repairs, shall be removed within the
following six (6) months. Failure to remove the system shall be deemed a
violation of this chapter.
SECTION 2 - If any section, phrase, or portion of this Ordinance is,
for any reason, held invalid or unconstitutional by any Court of competent
jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed a separate, distinct, and independent
provision, and such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining
SECTION 3 - The Village Council finds and determines that all formal
actions of this Council concerning and relating to the passage of this Ordinance
were taken in an open meeting of this Council and that all deliberations of this
Council and any of its committees that resulted in those formal actions were in
meeting open to the public in compliance with the law.
SECTION 4 - This Ordinance shall take effect and be in full force from
and after the earliest period allowed by law.
Passed: May 10, 2010